- High Fever.
- Joint pains: many joints are often affected.
- Nausea, vomiting and headache.
It should be noted that the differentiation of Dengue fever and Cikungunya at initial stages can be difficult. Unlike dengue fever, Chikungunya does not kill people, except the very old and those with preexisting morbidities. However, this illness can make a patient suffer sometimes for months, due to handicapping joint pains.
There is no specific treatment for Chikungunya. You should drink a lot of fluids and take pain killers for pain. If the symptoms are severe after a considerable duration of time, a specialist may decide on starting long-term anti inflammatory therapy.
Chikungunya can be prevented through the following strategies:
- Risk communication to the public with the use of mass media and community members.
- Control of mosquito breeding sites.
- Preventing mosquito human contact.
- Strengthening the epidemiological surveillance.
- Fogging at selected locations with Malathion, kills adult mosquito population, of limited value.
Chikungunya, as Dengue fever, is a result of unsustainable development. Unplanned town development and poor solid waste management systems have provided ample breeding grounds for the mosquitoes. Chikungunya epidemics should be an eye opener to all Sri Lankans to initiative a positive trend towards a Safer Sri Lanka.